Some basics

OK, this post is supposed to be a gentle introduction to some of the words or terminologies used in math. What is a ‘set’? A set is a collection of distinct objects, eg: {apple, orange}, {football, basketball} etc.. As we can see, a set is written with ‘{‘, ‘}’ brackets, the examples are read as ‘a set of (or consisting of) apple and orange’ and so on. Individual entities of a set are called as ‘elements’ simply because they make up the set that we are interested in. As we can see, we can’t do much just with a set, well it’s not true cause lots of interesting objects are almost always defined using a set, but anyway what we really care about is ‘relations’ and ‘mappings’.

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Linearity – I

The word ‘linear’ is used in so many different contexts that it kind of loses its importance. After a lot of contemplation, it turns out that this word as simple as it may sound, has far reaching consequences. The point of this post is to exactly make this clear and precise (maybe not precise). There are lots of ways to describe linearity. Someone who has taken a calculus course in high school or college will say that things are nice when everything is linear, for example linear equations or straight lines have a constant slope, oops we need to define what ‘slope’ is. Let’s say we would like to buy sugar. The cost of a kilogram of sugar is $10 and to simplify things, we pay a tax of $5 how much ever the quantity is. If we want to buy 10 kilograms of sugar, we need $105 i.e., 10 times 10 plus 5(meh).  A linear equation is a thing that can be written in this form i.e., c = ax + b where a and b can be any arbitrary numbers, x is the amount of sugar and c is the total cost to buy x kilograms of sugar. The number a is often called as the slope since it decides how steep the function, that is, if a is a big positive number then we can say that the buying sugar will be expensive and so on, well to be honest it also depends on b but let’s say that we always have $b. We note at this point that this also allows a to be zero (now what does that mean in our example? I’ll leave that for you). But the situation is bad when a is zero, why? this requires some amount of reasoning and some machinery or terminology to address this issue.

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First blood drawn

This is due for a long time. I’ll be writing about stuff that I learn everyday and things I have learnt, mostly math and computational aspects of math. I’m not sure about the audience for my writing but we’ll see how it goes. I should mention that this will mostly be non-rigorous and should be fairly accessible for all but at times my nerd nature will be shown. This is because I often stumble how nice looking things show some weird nature and can easily become incomprehensible when beaten with rigorousness or when approached more formally. For those who’re still curious, the specific topics include applications of pure math (algebra and topology) in Machine Learning problems though not strictly. I’m also a big fan of numerical optimization and math programming, so you can expect that to be covered as well. I also intend to post some ideas and problems that I intend to think about seriously so I hope we all learn together.